Mandatory ones and when to do them

The Dog vaccination They are essential for their health. Some are compulsory, others are optional, but in general they are a guarantee Healthy growth For puppies and vaccines, the dog’s lifetime ensures immunity to numerous and sometimes deadly diseases.

Dog vaccine

But what is a dog vaccine? It is Pharmacological products Which, once administered, is capable of inducing a specific immune response against certain viruses or bacteria. Vaccines are therefore designed to prevent the development of certain diseases or to reduce their severity. It is currently World Small Animal Veterinary Association Creating global guidelines and recommending veterinarians to use standard protocols. Here are some tips and tricks to better address and follow our vaccination plan for four-legged friends.

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Compulsory vaccination

Some vaccines are considered “Original“, Or recommended for all subjects. About vaccination against it in dogs parvo, Infectious hepatitis And Instability, Diseases that are often fatal when contracted at a young age. For this reason it is recommended that all puppies be vaccinated at a distance of about 3-4 weeks from each other and in multiple doses. It is important to know that babies, especially those born on the farm or from regularly vaccinated mothers, receive a good dose of maternal antibody (so-called “passive immunity”) when they first breastfeed. These antibodies protect puppies early in life and interfere with early vaccination by reducing their effectiveness. It is therefore important not to interrupt the vaccination protocol too early and to make a final booster at 16 weeks of age to avoid the risk of the vaccine becoming ineffective. For adults, it is recommended that one vaccine be given every three years against these pathologies.

When is a dog vaccinated?

The Compulsory immunization schedule It’s pretty easy to follow.

  • Against distemper, Parvovirus AndAdenovirus The first vaccination should be done 6-8 weeks after the birth of the dog
  • Three more weeks later, the call comes
  • And there are annual reminders a year later

Optional vaccine

Vaccines are then considered. “Non-core“, Or optional, for example vaccination Leptospirosis, A serious disease that mainly affects the liver and kidneys of dogs, caused by bacteria (leptospirosis) present in rat urine, and more commonly, in many wild animals or rats. The vaccine can also be given to puppies, especially after 12 weeks of age, as it often causes adverse reactions.

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Vaccines leptospirosis and rage

Leptospirosis is a zoonosis, a disease that can affect us as well, so an infected dog can potentially infect its owners. Infection occurs through direct contact with the urine of a carrier or sick person or with contaminated water: the bacteria responsible for this disease, in fact, survive very well in humid environments. Live dogs are the most exposed and at risk of infection In a rural environment Or those who practice Hunting activity. Because this does not mean that a dog that has a predominantly urban life cannot contract such an infection. The choice of whether or not to vaccinate him must take into account the risk-benefit ratio: in any case, it is always best to consult your veterinarian for the best choice. A separate discussion demands resentment which is not present in our country till date. This vaccine, therefore, is administered only to those who go abroad or who participate in dog shows.

What happens if dogs are not vaccinated?

This means not vaccinating the dog Put him at serious risk Which, in some cases, can infect humans. Distemper affects the nervous system and is less likely to recover. The Parvovirus It is an infectious and very serious disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Adenovirus It has a devastating effect on the respiratory tract and causes infectious hepatitis in dogs. There Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that affects the kidney system and can cause infections in humans.

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