5 Dangers of Spring for Cats and Dogs

Kodami scientific committee member said

Veterinarian

There Spring Arrived, the temperature is rising and the desire to spend the day outside with our animals is back. However, we should not forget that some come back at this time of year Danger of cats and dogs: Fleas, ticks, parasitic moths, leishmania, but also the risk of ingesting poisonous plants, which can turn a nightmare into a beautiful walk under the warm spring sun. Let’s see together What we need to pay attention to.

Fleas and ticks

A slight rise in temperature and a few nice sunny days are enough to make an egg fleas Of hatches and nymphs ticks Activated, looking for a guest on whom to eat a good blood meal. So it’s time to start applying pesticides to avoid going home with a dog full of parasites.

Especially for those who live in the center and south, where the temperature is never too cold, I recommend carrying an anti-parasite cover all year round for both dogs and cats. Because both parasites can carry diseases to our friends, such as erlichiosis and borreliosis, as well as causes Dermatitis and itching. Product choices range from collars to spot-on to pills. Always ask your veterinarian for advice on which is the most suitable and complete procedure for your pet.

Parade

On the surface it looks innocent “Hairy Caterpillar” Walking down the pine, with which dogs but cats can be seen playing. Too bad this caterpillar, called parade, is so dangerous! In fact, his body is covered Extremely irritating and caustic bristles, Which can cause serious damage such as dermatitis, erythema, necrosis of tissues to the vesicles with which it comes in contact, especially the eyes, mouth and tongue. So be very careful if you see your dog or cat approaching even. Parade moth is a real health risk for humans and especially for children playing in the park.

Leishmania

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by and carried by protozoa Sand fly or sand fly When carrying blood feeds on the host. Leishmaniasis is a zoonosis, that is, a pathology that affects people as well, so there is a global commitment to prevent it. It is a plague that has plagued dogs in central and southern Italy for years, but has also spread to the north, and recent studies have shown that it may also affect cats. It can cause pharyngeal dermatitis, crusting and even kidney failure, anemia, lameness and uveitis. Until death.

Adequate protection is therefore essential to prevent sandflies from biting and thus infecting and transmitting the disease. Beneficial for this are resistance based on permethrin or deltamethrin and other pyrethroids. However, be careful not to use them only for dogs, as they are toxic to cats.

Filaria

There Heartworm disease It is a parasitic disease that spreads across Italy, affecting dogs and less frequently cats. Responsible parasites Derophilia emitis, Which is an insect with a 15-25 cm long filiform appearance in the adult stage, which lives in the pulmonary arteries of dogs and cats. Illness It is spread by mosquitoes, Which receives larvae produced by adult females through the bite of a sick dog. The larva matures inside the insect and then moves on to another dog or cat which is subsequently bitten. Infections can occur throughout the year, but spring, summer, and especially early autumn are the most risky times. Prevention includes the administration of drugs that kill any vaccinated larvae and must be maintained for 12 months a year without the use of appropriate preventive measures.

Poisonous plants

Even the flowers of potentially poisonous plants endanger our life partners, who often wrinkle them for fun. The consequences can range from a simple dermatitis Vomiting and diarrheaBut they can provoke Acute hepatitis and death.

You need to pay attention to the bulbs plants, hydrangea, mimosa, but also jasmine, primrose and anemone and especially Sycas. In the latter, all parts of the plant are toxic, but the seeds or “nuts” contain the highest concentrations of toxins. In case of accidental ingestion, contact your veterinarian immediately.

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