Discovery in the Addaura Cave

Defined as “glorious” by Giovanni Mannino, the great scholar of prehistoric archeology, and for its publication in 1961, we tell you that it was a discovery made in Mount Palermo.

The lion of the cave Megafauna (the big animal) was one of the last hunters, and contrary to what one might think, the name responsible for it is not connected with the fact that it lived in caves, but with the place where fossils were found over time.

Two prehistoric lions appear to have lived in Europe, the Lower and Middle Pleistocene European Cave Lion, Panthera leo fossilis, and the Upper Pleistocene European Cave Lion, (Panthera leo Spellia) who lived 370,000 to 10,000 years ago.

Historically, he lived on the Iberian Peninsula, in southern France, in Italy, and in the Balkans. Due to its rare extinction, this creature is rarely known, but it certainly represents an “icon” of European “Ice Age” hunters. Sicily, more precisely in Palermo.

And what we’re reporting is the discovery of a cave lion’s wreckage in the 1960’s Addaura Krapara Cave “Engraved by the sea, its overhanging north wall Monte Pellegrino About a dozen kilometers from Palermo, a place that constitutes one of the most fascinating karst events in Italy and which, before the systematic looting of the hypocrites began, was a spectacular combination of events that we can define as unique in the world. “

It was 700 meters away from the entrance. Between the tunnel and the courage, somehow, that big cat was able to cross. The remains were found by a team of spiliologists from the Palermo CAI department: Lucia Pagano, Tibor Kirner and Pippo Marina.

A discovery is defined as “glorious” By the great scholar of prehistoric archeology Giovanni Manino Thanks to the cadastre of the caves of Sicily for his “expedition” who, even before as a spleologist, already liked to explore inaccessible caves and deep caverns as a boy.

We used to say “glorious”, so Mannino wrote when he described and documented the discovery in 1961 in La Spelloggia magazine. The adjective is not appropriate for the situation in which the cave was created and we hope it will be reported to wake up. You have the same feeling that I have tried to read: “Gut divided by numerous tunnels, barriers and small chambers. A labyrinth dug by an underground river which no longer existed and where a main branch can be separated from the branches of hundreds of small tunnels. Some of these are closed, due to the fact that other tunnels and intestines branch off from them, they form secondary branches “.

Access to the main branch was guaranteed Tired And portally impossible for humans. For a man of ordinary height, weighing one hundred kilograms, it was impossible to travel all over the branch, “although he is able to cause any distortion – we read – even if he is able to do a few more meters, he will be forced to assert himself. 246 meters from the entrance. Away

To reach The pond ” Which was marked at the end of the main branch, as mentioned, distorted and often belly-up on the ground, split, you needed to hold your breath. All this for at least an hour.

Spiliologist’s reports make step-by-step assumptions, such as a vertical or semi-vertical penetration, that no longer exists, but it is possible that it existed some ten millennia ago. Manino actually pointed out that at the top of the hill (at an altitude of 370 meters) there was a sinkhole called “Red Cyclone”, which was already closed at that time but into which they once poured, as shown by the smoothing. The rock near the center of Dolina, the water of the small hills, which was probably formed by a slow act of erosion and erosion, The cave in question.

The distance between the vortex pool and the discovery point was about 700 meters and the difference in height was 250 meters.

The branch at the end of which the cockpit was located, about 70 meters long, was so narrow and so low that it had to partially fall to the ground. The cabin that was in the slot was only two meters long and 1 meter and 20 feet high and the variable width for the foundation was 30 to 30 cm.

This is why the chances of entering the crack were very limited. Not all members of the group In fact, they were able to see the creature inside the crack. Only two of them because more minutes, barefoot, at one point, they were able to enter. Others could only for two-thirds, in fact the length of the shin made it impossible to go further but they were still able to see inside. To all this was added the remarkable rarity of the wind.

So The mystery of the lion became more intense. How can an animal get into the cockpit where it was found? One place off from all other places. In that crack, the floor was horizontal in the first section which ended in a hole of one meter and 50 feet in which some remains were found: sacral vertebrae, coccyx, a femur. The skull was found completely intact.

Spirologists have also considered the length and width of the cave, each path, length, height, difference in height, possible identification errors, or a poor adaptation of the polygon. Also think about the location of animal carcasses caused by water transport.

They checked, checked and checked very carefully, came to the conclusion that no, they made no mistake: the mystery of discovery probably remained at that particular point. It will not be published.

It was “impossible” for them to walk the main branch, dead or alive, or any other supposed tunnel to get to where the animal later died. Moreover, the slope was positive (climbing) so that he died before it was impossible.

Therefore, Manino writes that either the animal died there, but it is not known how it got there, or it was transferred dead, but all the muscle tissue was intact (it prevents the bones from spreading and smoothing) and it formed a “relatively “Remaining in position allows the following discovery.

The only conjecture – in the end the living creature was left out – was that when dead, it was transported, intact, pushed by a strong current of water. According to spleologists, this water probably found its way out of a hole 1.5 meters high which we are talking about. However, more research was needed.

Our successor We learned this beautiful adventure that took us more than 50 years, but at that time lions lived in Monte Pellegrino. And so this article would like to thank the great Giovanni Mannino, who died in October 2021 at the age of 92.

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