How dog breeds were born and what was the role of humans

There History of dog breeds One can be divided into two main periods: one very brief, late nineteenth century, and having to deal with their enumeration through strict definition of hereditary and physical and behavioral values, the other is lost in the fog of time and .

Since then, 15 to 40 thousand years ago, the first wolves came to man Our species has begun to greatly influence their evolution, Conditioning and orienting it in different ways. At this stage, the dog has developed various abilities to assist us in our daily work, thus giving rise to specialization in hunting, herding, guarding or even fighting, but also other important differences, such as size, hair type, shape or various details, such as more or less. Extended ear or snout, more or less massive muscle or fat mass, or joints are suitable for galling instead of trotting. In short, the incredible differences that not only distinguish dogs from wolves, but also the co-evolution of some of them, have resulted in millennia, or perhaps thousands of years.

Throughout this time our species has always been in close contact and living Humans have played a key role in influencing dog breeding, Thus leading to significant morphological and behavioral changes. These differences have already been documented centuries before the birth of Christ, such as the molluscs used in battle by the ancient Romans, the little dogs we mentioned in our documentary at Pompeii, or came to Italy with the Greyhound. The Phoenicians are thought to have bred alpine shepherd dogs, bergamo shepherds, and brie shepherds.

And yet, although human influence is considered fundamental in this process, it is also true that things have not always been revealed as we would like to imagine: in the sign of unconditional love, respect and friendship.

Issues that affect caste selection

We must consider that they also played a great role Geographical, climatic and, in general, environmental factors. These factors actually affected not only the physical characteristics of the dog (which may be comparable to different human species groups on different continents or comparable to other wild species) but also different interactions. Activities with people. : For example in hunting activities for different prey or in the most varied natural context (from desert to forest, from plain to mountain), or in different ways of practicing animal husbandry.

All these factors led to their development everywhere Dog population Perfectly adapted and from Features are perfectly functional for the activities required to perform them. It is not a coincidence that geographical origins are mentioned in the names of almost all species and it indicates that they had the same subjects. Practicing in their place of origin is specialized in a kind of activity (Hunting in aquatic areas for rescuers or spaniels, hunting for predators, or grazing sheep instead of cattle, or guarding instead of flocks or herds …).

The role of humans in the selection of dog breeds

This is what should be considered for the direct role of people in elections A lot of the work wasn’t so much, as it is today, to the liking of the reproducibles. Especially at times farther away from us we must think that the couplings had no strict control. This is certainly true of shepherd dogs who lived in constant contact with herds and herdsmen and who encountered other groups in other areas during transhumanism. However, the same may apply to dogs that follow humans on hunting trips.

Then what could it be The role of man? Unfortunately less romantic can be a guess. In fact, everything would suggest that it was one of our main “tasks.” “Birth control”. In fact, most of the caste selection work can only be done through it Killing inappropriate people before reproducing, Able to adapt to a harmonious coexistence of those who survive and carry out useful work. We must consider that collaborative activities between humans and dogs were vital to survival and that if a person is found to be dangerous (for example by attacking cattle) his fate is indefinitely sealed.

Another aspect of birth control needs to be mentioned Number control. Dog breeding techniques are actually very different from humans. Although we have some children and invest a lot of resources in parental care, the dog can have large litters (up to 4, 5, 8 or more puppies) and several times a year. Weaning is done after about 2 months and a subject can be considered an adult only after one year. On the one hand it can compensate for any untimely death, on the other hand it allows newborns to move away and occupy new territory in the absence of resources. However, if there are a lot of resources, puppies will not only survive well, but they will also have a tendency to stay in their birthplace. Here the human hand could enter the election work from birth Which puppy to keep and which to kill.

Unfortunately, although today it is considered a barbaric and inhumane act, killing puppies is a practice that has always characterized our species and it has been frequent in the environment until recently (our grandparents’ generation). Often from an early age, decisions were made on the basis of visible characters, which ones to keep and which ones not. And thus some special features may be encouraged, such as large puppies, or small ones, whose uniforms or stained coats, etc.

The action of man as an element of selection

In short, using ethical language terminology, we can say that people have made a strong practice Electoral pressure Towards the dog side Survive only those things which have proved useful Suitable for some jobs and living together (or showing certain physical characteristics). This is why the species is so well integrated into our society today and has rarely been endangered: millennium millennium rewarded by a greater chance of surviving the traits of cooperation and socialization, otherwise To do.

Even in the case of the “creation” of nations, so, even though today they undoubtedly represent a huge resource in the diverse possibilities of coexistence between our two species, we must avoid trivial simplifications and, above all, the temptation to consider ourselves. As a hero, able to create great things and only admired.

The birth of nations has actually claimed many prey and also shows the story of our great pressure on nature and other species.

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