Is it illegal to keep exotic pets indoors?

In Italy, in addition to common dogs, cats, rabbits and ferrets, they can be cared for at home. Many other species of animals, Including numerous species of “exotic”. The definition of a pet, affectionate or companion, for this reason, is deliberately broad and adapts to life habits that change over time.

However, there are some Extremely precise and serious regulations that explicitly prohibit the rights of thousands of species of animals., As protected or dangerous. It is not a question of limiting the rearing of animals because they are exotic. Italian law makes no distinction on the basis of origin: In various lists we find native species that are not legal to keep (wild boar, fallow deer cannot be kept at home, just to name two examples) and, conversely, exotic species that can be regularly cared for (parrots), iguanas, chameleons, tropical fish, etc.).

Therefore, when choosing a “non-habitual” life partner, it is better to consider not only their welfare, but also all the laws governing the matter. Otherwise you risk Rather heavy punishment.

In general, what are pets?

Its section Pets (pets, pets) It is constantly evolving, influenced by changing human habits. In fact, compared to the distant past, it contains countless creatures that were unknown to most many years ago.

The first definition of this growing group is found European Convention in Strasbourg According to 1987, “by pet we mean any animal that has been, or will be, kept by humans, especially in its home, for its pleasure and companionship.”

Another can be found in the Dpcm of February 28, 2003, which states: “For the purposes of this Agreement, we refer to pets: any animal kept, or will be kept, by humans, without purpose, for companionship or affection. Or with eating habits, Conducts human-friendly activities, such as dogs for the disabled, animals for pet therapy, rehabilitation and advertising. Wild animals are not considered pets

In Regulation (EC) No. 998/2003, we then find an exemplary list of pets, namely:

  • Dogs
  • Cats
  • ferrets
  • Invertebrates (except bees and crustaceans)
  • Ornamental tropical fish
  • Amphibian
  • Reptiles
  • Birds
  • Domesticated rats and rabbits

Which animal is considered exotic?

Parrots
In the picture: Macao parrots

Using a definition we find in some regional regulations (such as Piedmont), They are considered exotic animals: «All species belong to mammals, birds and reptiles Exotic wildlifeLiving in a state of natural independence in the territories of countries of permanent or temporary birth and in which there is no population in the national territory “.
The decision to keep these animals should not be taken lightly. Experts (see summary of Versailles ASL guidelines) highlight that outsiders need special attention so that:

  • The environment in which they must be located, which must have specific characteristics of temperature, light, humidity, shape and size;
  • Nutrition and management that are specific and different from one species to another;

We must consider the rapid growth, longevity of some species, and interaction with humans, which are rare or difficult to explain (which also makes it difficult to perceive any discomfort in these specimens).

Which animals are forbidden in Italy?

Filled
In the picture: The monitor lizard is a forbidden animal

As mentioned above, there are many animals whose rearing (at home) is forbidden. Among them are many exotic animals.
Internationally, the basic law of the area is found in the 1975 Washington Convention (abbreviated as CITES). In Italy then we have the law n. 150 of 1992, strongly desired to limit the fashion of inappropriate detention of wild and often dangerous animals.

Complete list “Forbidden Animals” For this law, finally, it is assigned Decree of the Ministry of Environment dated April 19, 1996, As amended by the Ministerial Decree of 26/4/2001. Since it is not possible to specify which species are banned in our country, as there are thousands, some are listed as examples:

  • Kangaroo
  • Monkey
  • Wolves, foxes, jackfruits, coyotes
  • Panda
  • Bear
  • Hyena
  • Lion, tiger, panther
  • Wild boar
  • Deer, elk, follow deer, row deer
  • Monitor lizard
  • Eagle
  • Cobra, Mamba, Viper
  • Taxi
  • Alien Turtle

There Violation of the ban on keeping these animals Arrests range from six months to two years and a fine of up to one hundred and fifty thousand euros. If the illegal behavior is repeated several times, the fine increases.

In conclusion, considering the serious potential consequences, in which case the advice to adopt any animal (except for a cat or dog, about which there must be no problem) is to communicate. So that the appropriate authority Check if the adoption is valid And no approval is required from time to time.

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