Africa’s population has shrunk by 90% in 100 years – Corriere.it

The “King of Savannah” is in danger of extinction. To sound the alarm WwfExplains how responsibilities are imposed, again, for human actions and in particular Deterioration of natural habitatFrom The victim And al Illegal business. In fact, lions are hunted because their teeth and claws are in great demand by collectors and are used in Chinese medicine. In 100 years, the lion population in Africa (Panthera Leo) And Fall by 90% (Today there are only 20,000 specimens) and the factors that put their future at risk include “the epidemic, an unprecedented threat that has had a significant impact on all activities conducted in the protected area due to chronic shortages.”

Inclusion in the “Valnable” section

The data are reported in a recent survey conducted in 19 African countries by the IUCN, World Commission on Protected Areas, in collaboration with the African Wildlife Foundation, which analyzes the impact on basic activities conducted in protected areas in general. According to the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), the number of lions on the African continent has decreased by 43% between 1994 and 2014 and the situation has worsened and Further depreciation of 50% is expected in the next 20 years. Lions have been added to the Red List of Endangered Species, pending a new specific classification. “Unprotected”. Lions are already extinct in 26 countries in Africa and have a presence in 27 states on the continent.


Current range of species


The role of local community and tourism

The report also highlights a lesser-known aspect: Lack of tourism due to epidemic. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, natural tourism guarantees about 40 340 billion annually and more than 21 million jobs, and it is estimated that the epidemic has lost a total of 174 million jobs. And a missed contribution to global GDP of $ 4.7 trillion. In general thanks to the tourism of lions and wildlife, communities embrace the gods. Important direct benefits, Including the possibility of creating entrepreneurial activities and creating employment and income. In Africa, nature tourism generates more than a third of all tourism-related revenue, and before the epidemic, about 8 million visitors a year visit protected areas. A landmark event is Namibia, which received about 1.7 million foreign tourists in 2019 and where the epidemic has completely blocked tourism. Epidemics have also called for a crisis The work of the Rangers, Which plays an important role in maintaining the balance between natural and human elements, conserving and managing natural resources. As a result of the epidemic, the fight against poaching, deforestation and other environmental crimes has become more difficult (here is the story of World Lion Day).

Promoting solidarity

To save this endangered species from extinction, WWF has launched the “Sos Leone” project: by May 23 it will be possible to donate via text message or landline call to 45585, and support a global program to save large cats. . Target? The number of lions will double by 2050 Living in nature, reversing a tendency that threatens their extinction. The The area affected by the project is located on horseback Between Kenya and Tanzania (nicknamed “Sokonat” / Southern Kenya – North Tanzania) And it is the most important of the eight priority areas selected by the WWF to double the number of lions. It covers 13,400,000 hectares and currently hosts a population of about 4,000 lions.

13 May, 2021 (change 13 May, 2021 | 11:35 am)

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