How to purify indoor air with plants

How to purify indoor air with plants

If we want Purify the air in the houseWe can do this by selecting Plants Right everyone is probably not aware of this, but our home environment can also represent health risks. This is because, even without knowing it, environments are often rich in elements Harmful pollutants.

Only those that come from outside, such as non-fumes, are also substances that are released from normal daily activities. Detergents, paints, cooking steam, cigarette smoke, all combine to make the air unhealthy.

However, there is no need to install expensive filters or forced ventilation systems to reduce the risk. In fact, a legitimate help comes from plants: many varieties of apartments actually have the ability to trap some common pollutants. Below, all the useful information.

Contaminants in the house

As already mentioned, our homes are not as healthy as they seem. Every day is different Pollutants Which are collected indoors, both come from outside the house and are made inside. Among the most familiar, the following are listed:

  • Benzene: It is a harmful substance, with a recognized carcinogenic power, present in many products such as detergents, wall paints and cleaning products. It is also emitted by cigarette smoke;
  • Formaldehyde: Known as the cause of asthma and skin irritation, it is found in furniture, carpets, plastic furniture and much more;
  • Xylen: It is an irritant, especially for the respiratory tract and mucous membranes of the eyes, it is emitted by plastic, varnish, paint and glue;
  • Trichlorethylene: Detergents, paints, toners and print cartridges, with an irritating, recognized carcinogenic power, present in household appliances;
  • Brominated flame retardants: They are substances used in furniture and textiles to reduce the chances of catching fire, but they have a particularly irritating power in body tissues;
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs): Released by paints, solvents and detergents, they remain in suspension in the dust for a long time and can affect the body, even changing its hormonal balance.

15 plants are useful for purifying indoor air

Fortunately for us, a lot Ornamental plants They are known for their ability to absorb pollutants present in the home. So much so that a few years ago NASA conducted a variety of studies to determine which harmful substances they could retain and determine their effectiveness. But which one should never be missed to purify the air in the house quickly and efficiently?



Plants with ancient Polynesian origins, now widespread around the world, Poths A very favorite decorative variety. Familiar Epipremnum aurem, Window seals and tall furniture are chosen to decorate, because it hangs. Again, it is often chosen because it is easy to grow – it grows very fast, thanks to a simple cut – and for its beautiful leaves.

Capable of growing in both dry and more humid climates, it retains substances such as benzene, xylene, volatile organic compounds and heavy metals emitted from cigarette smoke.


The tropical plant is more in fashion, with its glossy leaves and intense red flowers making it look like one. Fake breed. Thanks to its perfectly smooth, almost printed surface, reminiscent of plastic flowers.

Of tropical origin,Anthurium It is not only a beautiful flower to look at, but it is a very useful variety in all the rooms of the house. Both because it retains xylene and solvents and for its ability to purify condensed water vapor droplets in cells.



It is probably the most cultivated plant in the apartment, although many know it for its most popular name: its Happiness log. La Dracena – especially Dracena fragans And Drakena marginata – Represents one of the most effective plants for capturing contaminants in the home. And it adapts easily to any environment.

With the appearance of a small palate, with a Wooden stems A large crown of central and elongated leaves, if properly cared for, can reach up to two meters in height. It retains substances such as trichlorethylene, xylene, formaldehyde and cigarette smoke.

Ficus Benjamin

The apartment is another hero, grown almost everywhere, the hall Ficus Benjamin – In botany Ficus Benjamino. It can reach a height of about two meters in the pot and is characterized by its rich and glossy leaves, consisting of hundreds of oval leaves, somewhat elongated, glossy and intensely green in color.

Ficus, despite its more tropical origin, adapts perfectly to the Italian climate and prevents the spread of substances such as formaldehyde, benzene. Cigarette smoke And volatile organic compounds.



He is a very useful plant for purifying the air around the house and a very simple strain for growth. Its large green leaves, its bushy appearance, and its beautiful white flowers, reminiscent of black lilies, spathiphylo – or Spathiphyllum – Can’t be absent from home.

Absorbs toxins like benzene, brominated flame retardants, Formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds and benzene. And it lends itself well to all environments, even if it prefers a place of medium light.


Usually Fern They are attached to the garden, often forming barriers to small trees. Yet these can be grown in containers, ensuring complete air purification in the home. And they are also beautiful to look at, their outstretched branches filled with wrinkled green leaves, usually arranged symmetrically.

Recent studies have shown that all species of ferns – and many more – are able to retain cigarette smoke, FogResistant to xylene, formaldehyde and brominated flame.



LawIvy It is also a variation associated with the exterior of the house, including the ability to climb walls until completely covered. However, it can also be grown in pots, either with a small support pole or as a hanging pole.

Diversity Headra Alex – More common – It has been shown to be particularly effective in trapping most volatile organic compounds scattered around the home, mainly due to household appliances.


Elegant azalea – The Rhododendron simsii – It is a flower that appears on all windowsills in spring, because it is beautiful to look at and long lasting. Its bushy appearance, combined with beautiful pink flowers, makes it perfect as a gift. However, not everyone knows that this plant effectively fights domestic pollutants.

In fact, it absorbs formaldehyde, benzene as well as particulate matter smoke is generally rich.



How most people note Mother-in-law’s tongueDue to its long, elongated vertical green-yellow leaves, Sansevieria is a plant that should be grown in everyone’s home. Because? Can absorb more than that 100 different contaminantsThus becoming the air purification champion.

Less than a meter long, bushy appearance, Sansevieria trifasciata Captures paint residues, solvents, cigarette smoke, volatile organic compounds, brominated flame retardants and more. It is also ideal for the bedroom, as it emits oxygen at night.


Not very fern with a gorgeous look, Philodendron – Or Philodendron oxycardium – It is characterized by very large “cut” leaves, made up of several strips laid side by side. It is often not picked at home because, if eaten inadvertently, it can be toxic to children, dogs and cats.

Nevertheless, it purifies the indoor air by retaining virtually all volatile organic compounds.

Crassula ovata

Crassula ovata, macro

Familiar Jade tree, Crassula ovata is a pitiful succulent which is characterized by pearl-shaped leaves, slightly combed and therefore a three-dimensional appearance. The leaves are deep green and often have a reddish profile.

It is an ideal plant for dealing with fog and, in particular, for reducing the levels of benzene, brominated flame retardants and charcoal. Formaldehyde.


It is a plant that has been chosen to decorate both the garden and the window sill, thanks to the gorgeous round flowers of its most varied colors. There gerberaGerbera jamesonii – Always gives a lot of satisfaction to the fans. Easy to grow and manage, it colors the house throughout the spring.

However, not everyone knows that gerberas easily retain formaldehyde and trichlorethylene, thus making it a legitimate ally against domestic pollution.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera

Everyone knows aloe vera for its soothing, calming and refreshing properties: its gel is actually an antidote for itching, sunburn, reducing irritation from insect bites and refreshing skin in summer.

Yet, little is known about the purifying properties of this gorgeous plant of Central and South American origin. It does not miss a single particle of formaldehyde and benzene.


It is considered a novice plant by those who are not very experienced in gardening, as it resists even the most extreme conditions, incorrect exposure and low water supply. The Phalangeum – Or Chlorophytum comosum – Grows in full autonomy, including its long and streaked leaves.

A little effort, but great for purifying the air in the house, it retains xylene, benzene, carbon monoxide and formaldehyde.



A plant with “spotted” leaves and a bearing that is very reminiscent of Spatifilloaglaonema – LawAglaonema Crispum Deborah – Easy to grow and suitable plant for any room of the house from the dryest like living room to the damp like bathroom.

Especially to purify the air in the house Domestic dustBlocks many substances like xylene, formaldehyde, brominated flame retardants, fumes, cigarette smoke.

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