Protein entropathy in cats, an abnormal condition that affects the intestines. Let’s see what causes, symptoms and treatment.
UsuallyFood eaten by cats enters the intestineWhere it divides what the body needs and what it needs.
In the first case, Turns into nutrients and proteins Which then comes Collected from the bloodstreamPass through the intestine and Comes all over the body, Where is it? Then they are converted into energy.
During this tourHowever, A small amount of protein comes out of the blood vessels And goes to the intestines Which in general re-exploits them, But when the latter is damagedThat habit It became impossible.
This is where the event A condition occurs Which is exactly It is said that protein entropathy in cats.
Let’s take a look at the causes, symptoms and treatment of this condition in cats.
Causes of protein entropathy in cats
Reasons There can be many that can determine the presence of protein entropathy in cats.
The most notable are:
- Food allergies in cats;
- Bacteria (Salmonella);
- Stomach cancer;
- Fungal infections;
- Intestinal infections;
- Inflammation of the intestine (Inflammatory bowel disease);
- Congestive heart failure;
- Intestinal parasites such as hookworms and whipworms;
- Problems with the movement of lymphatic fluid from the intestine (Lymphongectasia);
- Stomach or intestinal ulcers.
Symptoms The cat protein that presents in a state of entropathy may be different but rather specific.
Although some cats may experience it asymptomatically, protein entropathy in cats can occur in any breed and at any age.
Among the symptoms that can be detected in cats affected by protein enteropathy, we can highlight the following:
- Enlarged abdomen;
- Chronic diarrhea;
- Difficulty breathing (Shortness of breath);
- The legs and feet may be swollen or inflamed (edema);
- Occasionally there is diarrhea;
- Weight loss in cats.
You may be interested in: Cat Diarrhea: Causes and Treatment
Diagnosis and treatment of protein enteropathy in cats
To diagnose a disease Specifically, the veterinarian should know about the cat’s previous medical history until the onset of the main symptoms, previously listed.
Next, it conducts specific diagnostic tests such as:
- Physical examination Deep on the cat;
- Complete blood count;
- Biochemical profiles;
- Urine analysis;
- Stool examinationIt is necessary to examine intestinal parasites, intestinal infections and other indicators that the cat is losing protein from its intestines;
- X-ray e Per Chest and abdominal ultrasound They allow the veterinarian to detect internal lesions or tumors, as well as to show the power of the heart.
Then, where the veterinarian needs a better view of the stomach and intestines, he can perform. An endoscopy.
This test This allows you to take tissue samples When it is inserted (a much less invasive method of taking a biopsy).
It is a tube attached to a camera, which travels to the intestines through the cat’s mouth or anus.
That way they will be able to Observe the walls Look for stomach and intestinal tract and ulcers, tissue mass (tumors) or abnormalities.
Diagnosis establishedThe veterinarian will be able to proceed with the treatment he deems appropriateThat is, treating what is believed to be an underlying disease is causing the cat to lose protein through its intestines.
If cat protein levels are dangerously low, A transfer may be required To replace some proteins in the blood.
Also Because a certain food Or trigger disease, it may help. Fluid therapy, It may be necessary in some patients with severe vomiting and diarrhea in cats.
Finally, again depending on the underlying cause, Antibiotic therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs and / or antifungal It can be part of healing.
It is important Follow all dietary recommendations As directed by your veterinarian e Manage medications with care and attentionAlong with a healthy rest away from stress and other animals.