Causes, symptoms and how to treat

In the picture: German Shepherd

There Dog hip dysplasia A skeletal disease that affects animals Young or adults And is characterized by instability of the hip joint. It is a disease with a strong hereditary component and the most frequently infected varieties are large and medium sized varieties. Animals with hip dysplasia have difficulty walking with poor quality of life. Therapy can be medical or surgical. The latter can give an excellent lifespan in some cases.

Predisposing causes and causes of dysplasia

The hip joint allows for movement of the hind limbs. It consists of a bone cavity in the pelvis (acetabulum) located in the upper part of the femur (head of femur). The presence of a cartilage tissue between the two surfaces and a ligamentous capsule allows normal movement of the hind limbs. There Relaxation of the hip joint Joined Progressive damage to cartilage With its development Wound cells Progressive pathological phenomena that are characteristic of this disease.

Hip dysplasia has a multifactorial etiology; However Hereditary elements (Genetics) The main risk factor. Hormonal conditions, the amount of exercise, the rate of growth associated with rapid weight gain (common in some large varieties) and the intake of excess nutrients can complicate and / or accelerate the development of the disease. Hip dysplasia is the most common In large breeds of dogs (German Shepherd, St. Bernard, Newfoundland, Labrador Retriever, Rottweiler, Bernice Mountain Dog) However, it can also be found in Mestizo.

Symptoms of dysplasia in puppies and adult dogs

Labrador Retriever Dog
In the picture: Special breed of hound

The most common symptoms of dog hip dysplasia are: Paralysis, Reluctance to get up or jumpWeight change in front legs, Decreasing muscle mass E of the hind limbs Pain.

There are puppies The hind legs are closed together And often dogs affected by this skeletal disease The walk stops Or tend not to start walking. Dogs can show symptoms at any stage of the disease’s development, although many people with hip dysplasia have no obvious symptoms.

When can hip dysplasia be diagnosed?

Hip dysplasia is diagnosedClinical examination And the symptoms that indicate hip joint relaxation can be diagnostic. However, any suspicious dog must be tolerated Radiographic investigation Of the hips as soon as possible. It is always desirable Diagnose early (Within six months of age) Dysplasia, providing the most appropriate therapy before a degenerative event is established. The official diagnosis is made At the age of one year And provides a Classification in degrees of increasing intensity from A to E. Which corresponds to a seriously ill joint.

Treatment of hip dysplasia

Veterinary German Shepherd dog

There are several treatment options for hip dysplasia. In general it is important that the dog Maintaining body weight And there is one Limited exercise possibilities.

There Therapy It may or may not be based on drug administration Surgery. Based on the use of medical therapy Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) To relieve pain and / or to reduce pain. However, these drugs can have significant side effects. In addition to these drugs, therapy may include long-term administration Supplementary part Which has a protective effect on cartilage.

They are also directed Physiotherapy sessions Especially in support of those who tighten the back limbs and muscles and do not move for a long time. Physical therapy can also be used for surgical dogs as it strengthens muscles and speeds up recovery.

Other therapeutic options are based on surgery. There are several surgical techniques used to treat hip dysplasia. You can go ahead Total hip replacement Which significantly improves the quality of life of the patient. Young people or those who have severe osteoarthritis are usually candidates for this type of surgery. Surgeons can use other techniques and the choice of type of surgery will depend on a variety of factors (age, condition and lifestyle).

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