Extinct animal species in Ukraine

The war and bombings in Ukraine are endangering the lives of millions of people, a dramatic conflict that has devastating consequences for the local population. However, Vladimir Putin wanted aggression Disrupted even landscape, natural environmentThat is rural, living for a few dozen Unique plant and animal speciesSome are at serious risk of extinction.

We have already talked about the possible consequences of the Russian invasion of wildlife, taking into account the effects of the war already studied in other parts of the world. In fact, Ukraine represents an important bridge between Europe and Central Asia, a region with a very diverse habitat, some species of plants and animals The importance of priority From the point of view of conservation. Many of these are part of the definition Tiny faunaIt is difficult to attract invertebrates, fish and other animals that are already at peace Interest of media and organization.

Two unusual and critically endangered mammals

A western splash (Spalax leucodon), a species like Ukraine.  Photo: WikiCommons
In the picture: A western splash (Spalax leucodon), a species like Ukraine. Photo: WikiCommons

Take for example Palace of Ukraine (Spalax arenarius), A very rare rat that lives exclusively in a very small area in the south of the country and nowhere else in the world. Most of the population is located in it Black Sea Biosphere Reserve, In the immediate vicinity of the areas most affected by the Russians. These Mole-rat Their eyes are completely covered with skin and they live in underground tunnels dug in sandy soil, which is increasingly rare due to reforestation. IUCN has included this species in the category In danger It is listed on the Red List of Endangered Species for and because of its locality In a special currency From 10 hryvnia, the current Ukrainian currency.

Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus), a species similar to the Russian desman in biology and practice.  Photo: WikiCommons
In the picture: Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus), a species similar to the Russian desman in biology and practice. Photo: WikiCommons

Ukraine is home to another curious mammal, known in Italian as – ridiculously – named Russian Desman (Deshman Moshata) Related to the mole, this mammal Semi-aquatic He is practically blind and lives in a tunnel dug between the dams Ponds and waterways He lived exclusively in Russia, Kazakhstan, and eastern Ukraine, where he lived. Already once extinct It was reintroduced in the 19th century but in the 1950s. This species is also considered In danger By IUCN, mainly due to changes in watershed and accidental catch in fishing nets.

Freshwater fish one step away from the abyss

The small Crimean loch lives exclusively in a small section of just 1 km in the Chorna river basin of Crimea.  It is one step away from extinction.  Photo: WikiCommons
In the picture: The small Crimean loch lives exclusively in a small section of just 1 km in the Chorna river basin of Crimea. It is one step away from extinction. Photo: WikiCommons

Then there are Freshwater fishAnd, those who are already going through a terrible time around the world. Pontic sapwood (Albernus sarmaticus) For example, a small fish belonging to the carp family: It is already extinct in most of the rivers of Eastern Europe, it rarely survives in the waters of Croatia, Slovenia and probably the sea. Danube, On the border of Romania and Ukraine. It is not known Absolutely nothing It is therefore classified on the basis of population status and species In danger By IUCN.

But still More dramatic Status of two other species of freshwater fish: Crimean loch (Cobitis taurica) And Gabi Gobio Deliamurei. Described as new species only in recent years, both probably survive to a very limited extent (about 1 km in length). In the middle of Chorna river ghat, Right in Crimea. Their very limited habitat, even the slightest change, would cause both fish to become extinct instantly. For this they are both considered Critics endangeredImmediately before extinction.

Unique invertebrates and insects

Anadrimadusa Retovsky, a female grasshopper that survives exclusively in some confined areas of Crimea.  Photo: WikiCommons
In the picture: Anadrimadusa Retovsky, a female grasshopper that survives exclusively in some confined areas of Crimea. Photo: WikiCommons

Ukraine is home to numerous endemic species and Especially threateningEven in invertebrates. Snail Vitriya Nadejdaya A small land snail that lives exclusively in five coastal locations Southern Crimea. Before the Russian-Ukrainian crisis, summer tourism and overcrowding were the main threats and it was on the verge of extinction. Among the most endangered and often forgotten species are many insects, some of which live exclusively or almost exclusively. A few in very limited areas Of the country.

Like a fruit fly Melanogaster jaroslavensis, Only present in seven places in Russia and one in Ukraine or Moscow Merodon dzhalitae, Again local in Crimea. It has been seen only seven times in the wild, the most recent in 2018. As well as solitary bees Andrea LabiatulaInstead seen only three times and then disappeared from radar from a distance 1963. Finally there is then Retowski Tektigni (Anadrimadusa Retosky), Crimea is a local grasshopper that probably only has remains Hundreds Sample

These are just some of the forgotten creatures that, because of Putin’s war, are in danger of disappearing forever, not just from Ukraine, but from the entire planet. Their preservation was already there Rather critical Before the Russian invasion, preventing its extinction would now be more complicated.

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