Dog leishmaniasis: causes, symptoms and remedies

Also note as LeishmaniaThe Leishmaniasis (Named after its discoverer, Scottish biologist William Boog Leshman) One of the most dangerous diseases that can affect DogsSuch as this one Not a chronic and completely curable pathology.

For this reason, anyone who owns a pet dog must pay special attention to the symptoms, in order to diagnose the possible presence of the disease in a timely manner; At the same time, it is important to take appropriate precautions to protect your dog as much as possible. In this article, we see everything you need to know about it.

What is leishmaniasis?

As reported Official website of the Ministry of Health, Leishmaniasis “It’s one Infectious diseases of parasitic origin Caused by the protozoa of the species Leishmania, Intracellular parasites Bound to the reticulo-histocytic system of humans and other mammals, Sent by carrier agentsWhich affects both domestic and wild animals (canines and rats) and humans

Is the biological vector of disease transmission Phlebotomist (Also known as Papatasio), A bug Hematophagus Very small in size (2 or 3 mm) and similar to a small mosquito (meaning it eats animal blood).

Illness Mainly affected dogs (Although cats and wild rats are also susceptible to infection); As read on specialized portals Parasitism, Is the most risky variety German ShepherdThe BoxerThe RottweilerAnd Cocker Spaniel.

Symptoms of the disease

The symptoms of leishmaniasis can vary significantly (in some cases, it occurs in asymptomatic form); The most common are:

  • The presence of dandruff;
  • Wearing hair;
  • Local wound;
  • Abnormal nail growth;
  • Enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes;
  • Renal failure (late stage of the disease);
  • Eye injury;
  • epistaxis;
  • Polyuria (producing abundant and frequent urine);
  • Polydipsia (intense feeling of thirst which leads to drinking too much water);
  • Locomotion problem.

Diagnostic mode

To diagnose leishmaniasis, the dog needs to be subjected to special treatment Laboratory tests, Also essential for preventive purposes. Specifically, you can make one Parasite testing (Via Gimsar method), a Serological examinationA Molecular testing Or a Crop isolation Which, as the Ministry of Health noted, “For diagnostic purposes it represents a test of excellence, as it allows to obtain a perfect confirmation of the presence of the protozoan in the host.“Alternatively, you can resort to a simple one Blood test; The choice of diagnostic tool related to the clinical picture of the animal depends on the veterinarian.

How to be cured

With appropriate diagnostic results, it is possible to establish with certainty what stage the disease progresses, and as a result, the sample can be framed as “exposed,” “infected,” “sick,” or “severely ill.” Clinical picture “or” disobedience to treatment. ” Treatment Leishmaniasis can be prepared using a variety of pharmacological aids; These include: antimonial compounds,AllopurinolThe miltefosineL ‘amphotericin bL ‘AminosidineThe PentamidineThe SpiramycinThe MetronidazoleThe Domperidone Or association N-methylglucamine / allopurinol antimonyate; The latter is generally considered to be the most effective treatment.

The importance of resistance

Due to the chronic nature of leishmaniasis, it is important to take adequate preventive measures to try to avoid infection. Dogs in particular need to be protected Pesticide products Specific, After consulting your trusted veterinarian. In general, animal formulations capable of working purposefully against sandflies need to be managed, an implementationProtective and preventive action; These are mostly made for pesticide purposesTemporary useReadily available To mark (So-called ‘pipettes’) for direct application to the skin. Also, in areas where sand fly infestation is local, it is advisable to keep animals indoors at night; More generally, we should not neglect the dog’s hygiene or the environment in which he spends most of his time.

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